What is the Pune Cycle Plan?
Pune Cycle Plan (or the Comprehensive Bicycle Master Plan for Pune) is being prepared by Pune Municipal Corporation (PMC) in 2016 and 2017 through a project supported by the Ministry of Urban Development, Govt. of India. It consists of the following:
- Identification of a city-wide cycle track network and cycle-safe streets
- A detailed project report for a city-wide Public Bicycle Scheme
- Recommendations for Bicycle Parking Facilities and integration with Public Transit
- Design Guidelines for planning and implementing cycle-friendly infrastructure
- Recommendations for Institutional Mechanisms, Capacity-building and Financial Planning for implementing the plan
- Strategy for Cycling Promotion and Awareness and Education Campaigns
What about Existing Cycle Tracks?
The refurbishment of existing cycle tracks is recommended to be done on priority
What provisions are being made for Enforcement to protect cycle tracks from encroachment of any kind?
Recommendations have been made for mechanisms such as creation of monitoring teams, installation of CCTV at strategic locations, as well as public outreach to prevent activities such as parking on cycle tracks, use by other vehicles. Discussions are underway with Pune Traffic Police to develop appropriate capacity building programmes for personnel.
Who will implement the Pune Cycle Plan?
The Pune Municipal Corporation will implement the Pune Cycle Plan. It may seek the partnership of agencies such as PMPML and PSCDCL, private sector and corporates etc for different components of the plan.
Who will finance the implementation of the Pune Cycle Plan?
The primary responsibility of raising the finances for implementation of the Pune Cycle Plan would lie with Pune Municipal Corporation. PMC may seek grants, loans as well as make budgetary provision from its own revenue sources. A component of user fee may also be there for Public Bicycle System.
Who is preparing the Pune Cycle Plan?
A consortium of consultants has been appointed by PMC, through its regular tendering process, for preparation of the Pune Cycle Plan.
When will the plan be ready?
The draft Plan is expected to be ready by end of 2017 for placement before PMC’s General Body.
What type of studies have been done?
- Traffic volume count
- Infrastructure assessment, including status of existing cycle tracks, cycle parking
- Land use and destinations mapping
- Survey of cycle users and potential users
- Household survey to establish the share of cycles as a mode of transport
Have any feasibility studies been done for the Cycle Plan?
Studies done include
- Household survey and street survey of cyclists and non-cyclists, done to establish mode share, distribution of trips across the city, origin-destination, trip lengths, purpose, trip time, trip expense, age characteristics etc.
- Street survey around BRT corridors to assess willingness to shift to public bicycle + BRT
- Perception surveys on why people cycle, or do not cycle, the experience of cycling, willingness and conditions to shift
- Cycle counts in different zones of the city
- Infrastructure assessment to assess the conditions of existing cycle tracks and provision of cycle parking, and road inventory
These above studies have provided considerable insight to the transportation planning team. Based on these studies, the potential for conversion of various other modes to cycling has been estimated, along with the measures necessary for such conversion to take place.
Feasibility studies, and indeed, an ‘alternatives analysis’ must be carried out for large transportation infrastructure projects such as the metro, BRT, and flyovers.
It may be noted that the mode share of cycling at 3% is close to the mode share for autos and cars (4% and 5.5% respectively), and no feasibility studies are done or expected to be done for creating the basic road infrastructure for these modes.
The Comprehensive Mobility Plan has recommended that non-motorized transport and public transport be the focus of the PMC. In accordance, the focus of the plan is to make conditions safe for current cyclists. The question is not so much what a feasibility report yields about cycling, but how to make cycling not only feasible, but a safe mode, and the preferred mode of traveling in Pune.
Who is funding the preparation of the Pune Cycle Plan?
The Ministry of Urban Development, Govt of India and Pune Municipal Corporation are financially supporting the preparation of the Plan. 80% of the cost is met by the Ministry of Urban Development and 20% by PMC.
Is the Pune Cycle Plan a project under the Smart Cities Mission?
The preparation of the Pune Cycle Plan is not a project under the Smart Cities Mission; however it is very much in convergence with the goals of the Mission, and certain components of implementation may be taken as a project under the Smart Cities Mission.
Will it be possible to have cycle parking near public transport?
Yes, recommendations have been made for location of cycle parking near public transport stops and hubs including BRT, regular bus stops, long distance / State Transport bus stops, railway stations etc.
Can public transport buses be designed with bicycle carriers?
It is possible to design public transport buses with bicycle carriers; however, experts advise that other solutions are more feasible at this stage for the following reasons:
- Public bicycle system is proposed to be created, which will make bicycles available throughout the city and at bus stops, so personal bicycles need not be carried on the buses
- Feeder services of auto rickshaws or other para transit services exist in most parts of the city
- Usually the facility for carrying personal bicycles in public transit is done when the public transit serves peri-urban areas; for example in Pune it may help passengers going to areas outside the city. However, this is outside the scope of the Pune Cycle Plan, which aims to increase cycle ridership within the city of Pune
How will the selection be done of the pilot area for implementation of the Pune Cycle Plan?
Criteria for selection of pilot areas include:
- Potential for increase in cycling
- Potential for connectivity with public transport
- Acceptance by citizens and elected representatives
- Whether any other street design project is already being carried out in the area
- Ease of implementing other required changes in relation to pedestrian and motor vehicle movement
- Visibility of the pilot project
- Financial requirements
When will Pune Cycle Plan be implemented?
Certain aspects, such as the usage of the Cycle Design Guidelines are already being taken up in 2016-17 as part of ongoing road and transport infrastructure projects; formal implementation may start after approval by State Government and allocation of budgets for carrying out the projects and activities proposed in the Plan.
Will Pune Cycle Plan be part of the Pune Development Plan?
The Pune Cycle Plan will be submitted to State Urban Development Dept, Govt of Maharashtra for its approval and subsequent notification as part of Pune’s Development Plan.
Pune is a city of two-wheelers; how is the Pune Cycle Plan relevant?
Pune has witnessed enormous growth in motorized traffic over the last 2 decades. This increase has had severe impacts such as air pollution and poor air quality, health impacts including respiratory illnesses, road rage and driving stress, increased accidents, increased congestion, etc. The Comprehensive Mobility Plan of Pune recommends a number of measures to address traffic issues, especially those caused by increased number of bikes and cars. The strengthening of cycle infrastructure is one such important measure. The aim is to increase the share of trips by cycle (and walk trips and by public transport) and to reduce the share of two-wheelers and cars.
What is Public Bicycle System?
Public Bicycle Sharing (PBS) is a term for the use of bicycles on a need basis for short trips without having to own one. Users can check out a cycle from any cycle station at any time of the day, use it to go anywhere they want to, and then return it to any cycle station located nearby their destination.
Such stations are usually placed near popular destinations, BRT or other bus stops, train stations, and other areas where errands or journeys close by can be easily made on a cycle. Depending on the size of the city, a PBS may have several hundred to a few thousand bicycles and there may be a few hundred bicycle stations across the city.
A smart card linked to the PBS, or a cell phone application developed for the PBS, credit card or any other form of identification is used for registering a user as a member of the PBS.
Cycle sharing provides an ideal transport solution for short trips and a feeder to other public transport options. Cycle sharing can help reduce pollution, reduce traffic noise, improve safety on the roads. For users, it is a healthy mode of transport, often quicker than other modes for short distances, without the need to maintain the cycle or worrying about where to park.
Is Public Bicycle System operational in any city of India?
PBS pilots have been tried out and are working in Bengaluru, Delhi and Vadodara. Projects have been initiated in Bhopal and Mysore. A system is expected to be initiated in Gurgaon over the next year.
What are some examples of cities where Public Bicycle System is operational?
Bicycle sharing systems are operational in over 200 cities around the world such as in London, New York, Washington DC, Paris, Shanghai, Hangzhou (video), Toronto, Montreal, Barcelona etc. (You can read an article about the top bicycle sharing systems in the world.)
What is the difference between rental cycles and Public Bicycle System?
(From ‘PBS Guidance Document Presentation’ (pdf, opens in new window) prepared by IBI Group for Ministry of Urban Development, Govt of India, March 2016)
- Renting systems requires user to pick-up & return the bicycle to the same location thereby serving just one user.
- PBS involves redistribution of bicycles allowing each bicycle to serve several users per day.
|Bicycle Sharing vs. Bicycle Renting|
|Cycle Sharing||Cycle Renting|
|Type of Service||Public Transport (alternative IPT)||Private Venture|
|Types of trips / customer||Short-term/ Commuter & Tourist||Long-term/ Tourist|
|Fare structure||Subscription fee+ usage charge: Encourages short trips||Subscription fee only:
Encourages long term rentals
|Accessibility||24 hours a day (can vary between systems)||Normal working hours|
|Revenue||Advertising, Sponsorships, User Fee, Registration charges, Cross or direct subsidies||Subscription Fee|
|Automation||Full/ semi automation||Service personnel required|